What you need to know about ABA therapy?
ABA, or Applied Behaviour Analysis, is an evidence based practice that focuses on the understanding and improvement of human behaviour. There are decades of research in the area and ABA and its effectiveness for Autism and has undergone serious assessment and testing when compared with other, “eclectic” approaches.
ABA is the standard in many countries such as the United States and Australia with hundreds of peer reviewed articles under its belt.
ABA teaches socially significant behaviours and demonstrates that individuals can function independently and successfully in a variety of environments as a result. It is used mainly in the treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), but has also been proved to be effective in a wide range of other areas including organisational management, parent training, the treatment of eating disorders and sports psychology.
What does ABA therapy actually do?
ABA therapy basically aims to decrease undesired behaviours, such as some challenging behaviours, and increase the likelihood and presentation of desired behaviours, such as language and communication skills.
ABA aims to alter environmental events so as to alter behaviours. We examine causes and consequences of behaviours to identify the function of each behaviour so that tailor made interventions can be designed for each child. Contrary to popular belief, ABA does not use punishment or any aversive tactics, rather it focuses on using positive strategies to either increase or decrease behaviours.
How ABA works?
ABA aims to increase socially important behaviours such as communication, play skills, social skills, academic skills and daily living skills.
This is achieved my breaking down big tasks into smaller, more manageable tasks so that the child is successful in as many ways as possible. We use repetition to teach children new skills.
Repetition is an important part of learning for individuals with ASD, with the aim of acquiring skills to a level of proficiency that can be generalised across different areas of their lives. Skills are taught naturally, e.g. through play and daily life. Every second of the day is an opportunity for your child to learn, so why not take it!
Teaching skills in the natural environment makes it a far more enjoyable experience for everyone involved as the child is engaging in activities that they enjoy while learning important skills to help them navigate their way through the world.
ABA can also be used to decrease challenging behaviours that may be stopping the child from accessing their environment or interactions with their peers. Behaviours that may cause harm to themselves or others may be decreased using a tailored intervention that is based on the function of each behaviour. If we understand WHY a child is behaving in a certain way, then we are far more likely to identify a solution and replace it with a much better suited behaviour that will give them access to whatever it is they desire.
Our aim is always to increase the quality of life of clients and help them to access the world around them.