To start ABA you will need a team!
It is CRUCIAL, that before you start an ABA programme you have a consultant. The consultant is like the head teacher, they run the whole programme and make all the top decisions regarding your child and their progress.
How to choose the right ABA Consultant
A consultant must have a BCBA or a BCaBA qualification, or be supervised by someone who has one of these qualifications. To look for registered consultants in your area click here or if your consultant is being supervised make sure you know who their supervisor is and look them up here.
The consultant will conduct an initial meeting with the family and then, if you decide to hire them, they will fill in an assessment about your child so that they have a starting point for your new ABA programme.
How ABA Tutors are chosen?
Once you have a consultant, it’s time to find tutors! Your tutors will be your “in the field” team. They will be the ones implementing all the programmes and working with your child every day to help them reach their goals. There are so many places online to find self-employed tutors. It is important that when you first meet the tutor that you ask them as many questions as you can. These people will be in your homes most days and it is vital that you trust them to do their job effectively. Always ask for a DBS and if they are insured.
However, here at ABAble we have completed all these checks for you! Tutors from ABAble will always have their DBS and are always inured so that you are protected and have confidence in your tutors. They are monitored and must adhere to the policies and procedure of the company. They are provided with initial training and on-going training by supervisors that check on them during sessions and through training days. Click here to find out more about our tutors and training.
Once you have your consultant and tutors, the next step is to organise a workshop where everybody can meet and the details of the programme can be discussed.
To start you will need a folder to keep all the data and lots of reinforcers! Find more information about this here. Workshops are important as it is a chance for everyone to talk to each other and figure out how the programmes will be implemented.
Each programme will need stimuli and it is up to the parent to provide these, whether they be toys, everyday objects or 2d pictures printed off the net, depending on which programmes are being targeted first. Once the consultant, tutors and parents are happy with the programmes, the fun can begin!
How often should ABA sessions be done?
The research suggests that ABA is most effective when done intensively, i.e. 30-40 hours per week. However, any amount of ABA can prove to be effective, it might just take a little longer to achieve. We recommend a minimum of 10 hours a week.
Programmes also work best if parents are 100% on board with the programmes! ABA isn’t just for the home! You can help your child to learn in all sorts of environments; in the shops, at the park or in the car! Every second is an opportunity for interaction, communication and fun!
How does ABA work?
The ABA programme will generally begin in the home, and may eventually progress to nursery or school. A tutor will work 1:1 with your child during a session and work through all of the targets provided by the consultant.
These targets will include many programmes to build your child skills such as communication, play skills or daily living skills. The tutor may also work on decreasing behaviours if your child is displaying challenging behaviours. Data is taken at all stages of the session so that progress can be monitored.
The consultant will be able to view the data when they come for workshops, usually every 4- 6 weeks depending on how quickly the child is progressing through the targets. From the data the consultant can figure out the function of behaviours, they can develop new programmes from the information and also see if the child has mastered any skills.
Your ABA programme should be enjoyable for all parties and your child should be learning all the new skills they will need to help them in their future.